- Building preparation: All buildings especially the brooder houses should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected with proper insecticides and disinfectants. The building should remain empty for a minimum period of two weeks before the arrival of a new flock. Before new chicks arrive, the brooder should have everything ready and heated for 12 hours before new chicks arrive.
- Essential requirements: Adequate temperature, fresh feed and water, fresh air, fresh air, light. These requirements will be dictated by the birds behaviour.When these requirements are met the chicks will settle happily and quietly. If not,they will huddle together and show distress and the cause should be found and rectified.
- Floor Space: Chicks should always be started in brooders. Later floor space should be expanded as they grow to one square foot or more for broilers and two square feet or more for layers.
- Feeding: Broilers should be started with broiler starter mash for the first three weeks after 3 weeks they should be fed with broiler finisher, up to marketing time that is six to eight weeks.Layers from the first day to the eight week, chick mash is recommended. From the eight week to the twentieth week they should be fed on growers mash, and then finally fed on layers mash throughout the laying period. As chicks grow, the water troughs should be replaced with bigger troughs that are suitable for mature birds.
- Parasites: It is very common for chicks to have internal parasites such as round worms, and external parasites such as lice, mites and bed bugs.Routine programs should be exercised to eradicate them.Rodents should be eradicated totally.
- Vaccination: A strict vaccination program must be followed, isolation of poultry is also very important so as to avoid contamination from other birds.
NB: It is very important to give chicks fresh feeds and water at all time and keep their houses dry. Feed wastage must be prevented at all times.
Also check our article on poultry farming